Jose Marti's poems and letter (Lesson plan)
This module provides a lesson plan for using José Martí's poems "Dos patrias" and "Yo soy un hombre sincero" along with a letter he wrote, Carta de Jose Marti a los presidentes de las organizaciones de cubanos exiliados en Florida (18 de marzo 1893) in the AP Spanish language or college-level Spanish class. Themes include: patriotism, independence, hope, etc.

Introduction

Primary texts or authentic materials can be combined with standard texts to locate literature and poetry in a historical or political context. This example uses poems by the Cuban revolutionary poet, José Martí ("Dos patrias" and "Yo soy un hombre sincero") together with a letter (Carta de Jose Marti a los presidentes de las organizaciones de cubanos exiliados en Florida, 18 de marzo 1893) to show how the Cuban War of Independence-and his strong patriotism- affected the poet's writings. Other types of historical material (such as newspapers, historical currency, speeches, journals, decrees, etc.) can also be combined with literature. Other types of primary sources can be found (in English and in Spanish) in the free digital archive, Our Americas Archive Partnership.

An English translation of Martí's letter, Letter from Jose Marti to the Council Presidents on the Board of Advisors for Key West, March 18, 1893. is also available at: http://hdl.handle.net/1911/20701

For a Spanish version of this module please see:"Plan para la clase de español: Poemas y carta de José Martí" http://cnx.org/content/m38223/latest/.

"The delegado, José Martí"
José Martí's signature in Carta de Jose Marti a los presidentes de las organizaciones de cubanos exiliados en Florida, 18 de marzo 1893
Jose Marti's signature

Objectives

Concepts

Literary-poetic and historical themes:

Resources

Activity

Study questions

Students can discuss aloud or write an essay about the common themes and try to locate the texts in a historical contexts. Some key questions include:

Further evaluation

How does José Martí compare to other historical liberators, patriots, and revolutionaries in the Americas? Choose one of the following historical figures and research their contributions to their country. What country are they from? What did they do? Why are they famous? Compare and contrast them to José Martí. Can you find any similarities between the figure you chose, José Martí, and George Washington?

For more on Martí, see the module "José Martí: A Letter to the Board of Advisors for Key West." http://cnx.org/content/m23122/latest/

A Spanish translation is also available: "José Martí: Carta al Cuerpo de consejo de Key West." http://cnx.org/content/m34621/latest/